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Which PHS organization is responsible for monitoring institutional compliance with PHS Policy?

Which PHS organization is responsible for monitoring institutional compliance with PHS Policy? The Office of Laboratory Animal Welfare (OLAW, formerly OPRR).

Which public health service organization is responsible for monitoring?

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) CDC’s goal is to prevent, monitor and control disease, injury and disability on a national and global level. The agency engages in health monitoring, research, prevention strategies, and policy development to promote health.

Which of the following organizations must comply with the PHS Policy?

Which of the following organizations must comply with the PHS Policy when utilizing vertebrate animals for research, teaching, or testing? Receipt of PHS funds requires compliance with the PHS Policy for the Humane Care and Use of Laboratory Animals and the Guide.

Which individual is ultimately responsible for compliance with PHS Policy?

with the research facility or PHS awardee institution. The Institutional Official (IO) is the individual held responsible on behalf of the research facility for ensuring compliance.

What is the PHS Policy?

The Public Health Service Policy on Humane Care and Use of Laboratory Animals (PHS Policy), is a set of standards administered by the Office of Laboratory Animal Welfare (OLAW) that require institutions to establish and maintain proper measures to ensure the appropriate care and use of all vertebrate animals involved …

Who enforces PHS Policy?

The PHS Policy has been law since 1985, and is enforced by the Office of Laboratory Animal Welfare (OLAW) of the National Institutes of Health (NIH).

What animals are not covered by the Health Research Extension Act?

A separate piece of legislation, called the Health Research Extension Act, passed in 1985, covers all vertebrates used in research, testing, and education — including the mice, rats, and birds excluded under the AWA — if the work is funded by the Public Health Service (PHS).

What are three components that must be described in the Animal Welfare Assurance?

Components of the institution that will be covered by the Assurance. Institutional commitment to the Animal Welfare Act, the U.S. Government Principles and the Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals. Description of program for animal care and use. Program evaluation and accreditation.

What species are covered under PHS guidelines?

Although not as widely applicable as the Animal Welfare Act and Regulations, PHS Policy covers ALL vertebrate species used for research, teaching, and testing. Including all laboratory mice and rats, birds, and animals used for agricultural research.

What is the 28 hour law?

The statute provides that animals cannot be transported by “rail carrier, express carrier or common carrier” (except by air or water) for more than 28 consecutive hours without being unloaded for five hours for rest, water and food. (a) Confinement.

Who appoints the members of the Iacuc?

Members are appointed by the Chief Executive Officer of the institution or their designee. At UMass Amherst, the Chancellor has delegated the appointing authority for IACUC members to the Vice Chancellor for Research and Engagement who also serves as the Institutional Official for oversight of animal use.

What are the 3 Rs in animal research?

Replacement, Reduction and Refinement

What is the 3 R rule?

The three R’s stands for: Reduce, Reuse and Recycle. This rule is part of the waste hierarchy which is a process used to protect the environment and conserve resources through a priority approach. The aim is to get the most practical benefits from products and to generate the minimum amount of waste.

What do three Rs stand for?

The 3Rs stands for: Reduce: Reduction of waste generation 〈Don’t be wasteful. Reduce garbage.〉 Reuse: Reuse of products and parts 〈Use things again and again.〉 Recycle: Use of recycled resources 〈Recycle resources for reuse.〉

What is 3r theory?

The three R’s – reduce, reuse and recycle – all help to cut down on the amount of waste we throw away. They conserve natural resources, landfill space and energy.

What is example of reuse?

One example of conventional reuse is the doorstep delivery of milk in glass bottles; other examples include the retreading of tires and the use of returnable/reusable plastic boxes, shipping containers, instead of single-use corrugated fiberboard boxes.

What are things we can reuse?

Here are 10 home items you can save from the trash and instill with new life and purpose many times over:

  • Glass Jars, Containers or Cans.
  • Gallon Jugs, Plastic Soda Bottles, Takeout and Other Plastic Containers.
  • Newspapers, Magazines, and Paper Bags.
  • Clothes, Towels, and Bedding.
  • Seeds.
  • Laundry Waste.
  • Plastic Bags.

What is the importance of reuse?

Advantages of Reuse saves or delays purchasing and disposal costs. conserves resources. reduces the waste stream. causes less pollution than recycling or making new products from virgin materials.

Why do we need to recycle and reuse?

Recycling is vital for cleaning up the environment and keeping our communities clean. By reusing recycled items to produce new products we reduce the impact we have on mother nature. Also, it doesn’t hurt that you can also make a little bit of extra money by recycling the right types of items.

What reuse means?

Reusing is the act of taking old items that you might consider throwing away and finding a new use for them. Get the most mileage out of the materials you encounter. Jars from grocery store foods can be used to store leftovers or to take lunch to work.

What is another word for reuse?

What is another word for reuse?

recycle reclaim
repurpose recover
reutilize save
recondition process again
remodel regenerate

How can we reduce waste in our daily life?

Eight Ways to Reduce Waste

  1. Use a reusable bottle/cup for beverages on-the-go.
  2. Use reusable grocery bags, and not just for groceries.
  3. Purchase wisely and recycle.
  4. Compost it!
  5. Avoid single-use food and drink containers and utensils.
  6. Buy secondhand items and donate used goods.
  7. Shop local farmers markets and buy in bulk to reduce packaging.

What things can we reduce reuse and recycle?

35 Amazing Ways to Reduce, Reuse, and Recycle

  • Avoid the use of disposable goods, such as lighters, paper cups and plastics.
  • Purchase products made from recycled materials.
  • Use cloth bags when buying groceries or reuse grocery bags.
  • Instead of using plastic wraps, use resalable containers.

How can we reduce and reuse?

Ideas on How to Reduce and Reuse

  1. Buy used.
  2. Look for products that use less packaging.
  3. Buy reusable over disposable items.
  4. Maintain and repair products, like clothing, tires and appliances, so that they won’t have to be thrown out and replaced as frequently.

How can we reduce reuse and recycle water?

Instead of letting the water pour down the drain, stick a bucket under the faucet while you wait for your shower water to heat up. You can use the water for flushing the toilet or watering your plants. Turn off the tap while brushing your teeth or washing your hands. Reuse your pasta cooking liquid.