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Which of the following is sometimes called negative reinforcement?

Escape avoidance learning is a type of negative reinforcement in which removal or reduction in the intensity of an unpleasant stimulus strengthens the behavior. In other words, avoiding an aversive situation reinforced through negative reinforcement is escape avoidance learning.

Is sometimes called negative reinforcement?

what negative reinforcement is sometimes called. what reinforces behavior in negative reinforcement is escaping from an aversive (unpleasant) situation. Once you have learned to do this, you often learn to avoid it entirely.

What is the single most important difference between Pavlovian and operant learning?

Probably the most important difference is that in Pavlovian conditioning a stimulus (the US) is contingent on the appearance of another stimulus (the CS), whereas in operant learning a stimulus (the reinforcer or punisher) is contingent on a behavior.

Why do some problem behaviors continue even when they are unlikely to be reinforced?

Why do some problem behaviors continue even when they are unlikely to be reinforced? If a person behaves bizarrely only when reinforcement for bizarre behavior is available, people catch on. Once they understand that the behavior is a way of obtaining information, they often stop providing those reinforcers.

How does contiguity affect punishment?

Contiguity is important to reducing behavior because the longer the time interval between an unwanted behavior and a punishing effect, the less effective the punishment will be. One major problem with a time delay between a behavior and a punishment is that other behaviors may present during that time delay.

At what age should you use time-out?

Wait until your child is at least 2-years-old to introduce time-outs. Before that age, he’ll feel he’s being punished but won’t understand why, since he can’t yet connect his actions with your reactions.