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Small republics are more likely to preserve and protect personal liberties, as the people are the sovereign, and their sentiments are communicated by themselves which is why it must be limited so that the people can conveniently assemble and debate.
The correct answer is Yes. A larger republic, based on the principle of consent of the governed can sufficiently protect the rights and liberties of the individual states and people.
A collection of 85 articles written by Alexander Hamilton, John Jay, and James Madison under the name “Publius” to defend the Constitution in detail.
Hamilton states that a well-regulated militia composed of the people will be more uniform and beneficial to the “public defense” of Americans. He argues that an excessively large militia can harm a nation’s work force, as not everyone can leave their profession to go through military exercises.
Madison defines what republic means and states three rules that must apply to be considered a republic: What is the foundation of its establishment? Only the people of the nation and no one else would make the decision of who rules the government.
The United States shall guarantee to every State in this Union a Republican Form of Government, and shall protect each of them against Invasion; and on Application of the Legislature, or of the Executive (when the Legislature cannot be convened) against domestic Violence.
“It may be a reflection on human nature, that such devices [checks and balances] should be necessary to control the abuses of government. But what is government itself, but the greatest of all reflections on human nature? If men were angels, no government would be necessary.