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When teaching a client about insulin administration, the nurse would instruct the client to administer insulin aspart at which time? Explanation: Insulin aspart is given immediately before a meal or within 5 to 10 minutes of beginning a meal.
(Subcutaneous injection currently is the most common method for administering insulin.)
Better Diabetes Control Means Better Health. There are two common ways that physicians assess how well diabetes is controlled: Frequent measurements of blood glucose, Measurement of glycohemoglobin (A1c).
What instructions should the nurse give to a client with type 2 diabetes who has been switched from glyburide (DiaBeta) to repaglinide? “Repaglinide rapidly stimulates insulin production, so you need to eat soon after taking the medication.”
Which would be appropriate to include in teaching a client with type 2 diabetes? It is possible with weight loss and exercise to discontinue the use of antidiabetic medication. If you drink alcohol, it may be necessary to increase your oral antidiabetic medication.
What outcome would best indicate the nurse’s teaching was effective and that drug therapy was appropriate? Blood glucose level is stable with no diabetic complications.
Which strategy will NOT increase the therapeutic effect of insulin? All insulin should be stored in a refrigerator but never frozen.
“It increases the risk for low blood glucose levels.” Which HbA1c result would indicate that a client’s diabetes is under good control? Rationale: Results vary with the laboratory method used for analysis, but in general, levels between 6.5% and 7% indicate good control of diabetes.
Conclusions: Sitagliptin improved the HbA1c level and rate of achieving the target control levels in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus who were previously untreated with, or poorly responsive to, existing antidiabetic drugs. Thus, sitagliptin is expected to be useful in this patient group.
Sitagliptin is used along with diet and exercise and sometimes with other medications to lower blood sugar levels in adults with type 2 diabetes (condition in which blood sugar is too high because the body does not produce or use insulin normally).
Sitagliptin is a member of the gliptin class of antidiabetic medications. Its mechanism of action is through inhibition of dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4), an enzyme that acts to degrade and inactivate glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1).
There’s no cure for type 2 diabetes, but losing weight, eating well and exercising can help you manage the disease. If diet and exercise aren’t enough to manage your blood sugar, you may also need diabetes medications or insulin therapy.
Metformin is generally the preferred initial medication for treating type 2 diabetes, unless there’s a specific reason not to use it. Metformin is effective, safe, and inexpensive. It may reduce the risk of cardiovascular events. Metformin also has beneficial effects when it comes to reducing A1C results.
Metformin should be the first-line drug for managing type 2 diabetes. Insulin and sulfonylureas should be second line, and glitazones should be reserved for third line.
What Are Normal Blood Sugar Levels? They’re less than 100 mg/dL after not eating (fasting) for at least 8 hours. And they’re less than 140 mg/dL 2 hours after eating. During the day, levels tend to be at their lowest just before meals.
Although there’s no cure for type 2 diabetes, studies show it’s possible for some people to reverse it. Through diet changes and weight loss, you may be able to reach and hold normal blood sugar levels without medication.
Manage Diabetes without Medication
A study in 42 adults with overweight or obesity and either prediabetes or type 2 diabetes showed that eating one large egg per day led to a significant 4.4% reduction in fasting blood sugar, as well as improvements in insulin sensitivity, compared with an egg substitute ( 57 ).
Drinking water can lower blood sugar levels by diluting the amount of glucose (sugar) in the blood stream. The answer is yes, indirectly it will reduce insulin resistance and help a person reduce their hunger.
15 Easy Ways to Lower Blood Sugar Levels Naturally
In general, diabetes experts say with medication and lifestyle changes, diabetes patients could notice a difference in three to six months. It may take one month to stabilize blood sugar (with or without medication), and then a couple of months or more for lifestyle changes to take effect.
Lemon water may not directly impact your blood sugar levels and cause it to come down, but it can surely help prevent untimely spikes. The easy to make beverage is very low in carbohydrates and calories, and keeps you hydrated, which is very essential for diabetics to ensure.
Because honey can affect blood sugar, avoid it and other sweeteners until your diabetes is under control. Honey should be consumed in moderation. Speak with your healthcare provider before using it as an added sweetener.