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What was the result of the Rosenwald Fund?

In 1929, the Rosenwald Fund funded a syphilis treatment pilot program in five Southern states. The Fund ended its involvement in 1932, due to lack of matching state funds (the Fund required jurisdictions to contribute to efforts to increase collaboration on solving problems).

What was the Tuskegee machine?

Tuskegee Machine is the nickname of Washington’s followers during the late 19th century (1890s). They are called a machine for the way that they would “steamroll” over anyone who criticized or opposed Washington. This is extremely representative of Washington’s personal actions as well.

How many Rosenwald schools were built?

5,000 schools

Why is scientific misconduct wrong?

The consequences of scientific misconduct can be damaging for perpetrators and journal audience and for any individual who exposes it. In addition there are public health implications attached to the promotion of medical or other interventions based on false or fabricated research findings.

Why is scientific misconduct wrong list five reasons?

Unethical Practices in Science and Publication Selective or inaccurate publications, plagiarism, or intellectual theft, redundant publication, undeclared conflict of interest, inappropriate authorship, inappropriate acknowledgements, premature public statements are all examples of unethical practices.

How frequent is scientific misconduct?

Although not much is known about the prevalence of scientific misconduct, several studies with limited methods have estimated that the prevalence of scientists who have been involved in scientific misconduct ranges from 1% to 2%.

Whose responsibility is it to identify and report research misconduct?

Federal policy makes researchers and research institutions primarily responsible for reporting and investigating alleged research misconduct. Research institutions’ expected tasks in dealing with such allegations are spelled out in 42 CFR Part 50 Subpart A.

Where do I report research misconduct?

The Office of Research Integrity (ORI) is the office to which the HHS Secretary has delegated responsibility for addressing research integrity and misconduct issues related to PHS-supported activities. The DO will send a final Investigation Report to ORI.

Which elements are required for a finding of research misconduct?

A finding of research misconduct requires that:

  • There be a significant departure from accepted practices of the relevant research community; and.
  • The misconduct be committed intentionally, or knowingly, or recklessly; and.
  • The allegation be proven by a preponderance of evidence. [[Page 76263]] III.

When imposing penalties for research misconduct the Office of Research Integrity Ori may consider?

The Office of Research Integrity (“ORI”) is empowered to impose a wide spectrum of penalties which include issuing a letter of reprimand, suspending or terminating a researcher’s federal grants, restricting a researcher’s activities on federally-funded research projects, and imposing supervision requirements.

What does the Office of Research Integrity do?

The Office of Research Integrity (ORI) oversees and directs U.S. Public Health Service (PHS) research integrity activities on behalf of the Secretary of Health and Human Services. This includes oversight of research misconduct inquiries and investigations, as well as of institutional compliance.

When scientific misconduct is suspected what actions should an individual take Choose all that apply?

1. Individual report

  • Review any evidence you have to make sure you haven’t misunderstood anything.
  • Protect your evidence.
  • Report your suspicions to the appropriate authority (e.g. the RIO)
  • Consult with respected and trusted colleagues if you have doubts about reporting.
  • Maintain confidentiality.

What instance S if describing research misconduct at Park Choose all that apply?

“Research Misconduct”: Fabrication, falsification, or plagiarism in proposing, performing, or reviewing research, or in reporting results. Research misconduct does not include honest error or differences of opinion.

What is basic research misconduct?

Research misconduct means fabrication, falsification, or plagiarism in proposing, performing, or reviewing research, or in reporting research results. (c) Plagiarism is the appropriation of another person’s ideas, processes, results, or words without giving appropriate credit.

How do you deal with research misconduct?

Firstly, continuous education to alert all practitioners to the unacceptability of research misconduct. Secondly, there should be a good system in place to detect the problem. The tools currently available are a source of concern due to their limitations.