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The cause of the Gulf War is commonly considered as being a reaction to the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait. And ultimately, it was this that prompted international condemnation at the UN, the consequential Resolutions that provided the pathway to war.
The Gulf War was the result of the aggression of Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein, who tried to take over Kuwait in August 1990. Coalition forces first gathered in Saudi Arabia to protect the oil-rich country from Iraqi aggression; then used air and ground strikes to push Iraq forces out of Kuwait in early 1991.
Iraqi dictator Saddam Hussein, meanwhile, built up his occupying army in Kuwait to about 300,000 troops. Saddam hoped that the missile attacks would provoke Israel to enter the conflict, thus dissolving Arab support of the war. At the request of the United States, however, Israel remained out of the war.
Iraqi president Saddam Hussein ordered the invasion and occupation of neighboring Kuwait in early August 1990. Hussein defied United Nations Security Council demands to withdraw from Kuwait by mid-January 1991, and the Persian Gulf War began with a massive U.S.-led air offensive known as Operation Desert Storm.
Dan Quayle, won 54% of the popular vote and 426 of the 538 electoral votes, soundly beating Democrat Michael Dukakis. The first major foreign crisis for the United States after the end of the Cold War presented itself in August 1990.
Of the 219 (212 men and 7 women) US casualties, 154 were killed in battle and 65 died from nonbattle causes. Thirty-five of the battle deaths were a result of friendly fire.
The U.S. has formally declared war against foreign nations five separate times. For example, in the Gulf War operational names included Operation Desert Shield, Operation Desert Storm, and Operation Desert Sabre.
president George H. W. Bush
Of all the policy successes during this era, the Department of State and President Bush are most clearly associated with the successful effort to roll back the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait.