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What was the most important reason the city of Boston chose to fill in much of their swampy land and coastal areas? More land was needed for its growing population.
All cultures share these basic features.
However, pop culture has some more disadvantages:
There are two basic approaches to shaping culture: top-down and bottom-up. The top-down approach starts by redefining the mission and values of the organization, then seeks to cascade the changes to the organization at large. The bottom-up model, on the other hand, approaches the problem from the opposite direction.
A style that doesn’t match the organizational culture can send your company into a tailspin of employee dissent and physical or emotional desertion. The top-down style is often used by a leader who wants as much control over the decision-making process as possible.
With a top-down approach, not only do you run the risk of missing out on great ideas that go unheard, but you also risk demoralizing your team. It’s hard to come to work and be fully engaged when you feel leadership doesn’t listen or value your opinion.
Top-down management occurs when goals, projects, and tasks are determined among your company’s senior leaders – usually independently of their teams. These goals, projects, and tasks are then communicated to the rest of the organization. Pros. Most employees are familiar with this approach to management.
A “top-down” approach is where an executive decision maker or other top person makes the decisions of how something should be done. This approach is disseminated under their authority to lower levels in the hierarchy, who are, to a greater or lesser extent, bound by them.
A top-down approach means thinking through the problem and then asking incisive questions that get to its heart, which sometimes include questions that the client doesn’t want to hear. Clients can sometimes look in the wrong place for the source of the problem.
What does top down process follow? Explanation: Top down layer focuses on higher to lower abstraction. Explanation: Product design is top down approach.
3. Which nanomaterial is used for cutting tools? Explanation: Cutting tools made of Nano crystalline crystals like Tungsten carbide are much harder, much more wear-resistant and last longer than their conventional counterparts.
While the top-down approach focuses on breaking down a big problem into smaller and understandable chunks, the bottom-up approach first focuses on solving the smaller problems at the fundamental level and then integrating them into a whole and complete solution.
Explanation: Quality attributes are divided into two major categories development and operational attributes.
In technical usage, quality can have two meanings: The characteristics of a product or service that bear on its ability to satisfy stated or implied needs. A product or service free of deficiencies.
Description. Scalability is the quality that describes how a system responds to an increase in input load (or resource demand). Scalability is one of the more complicated quality attributes to define and analyze, because it pertains to at least three types of system resources: Processing, I/O, and storage.
Availability is part of reliability and is expressed as the ratio of the available system time to the total working time. Security is responsible for the ability of the system to reduce the likelihood of malicious or accidental actions as well as the possibility of theft or loss of information.