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What is the Western political thought?

Aristotle defined political science as “the study of the state”. Western political thought has served as a philosophical and ideological foundation for governments around the world, including the United States. We give you historical, social, and cultural context to relate to contemporary political society.

What is modern Western political thought?

Credits: This is a study of selected European thinkers Bodin, Montesquieu and James Madison on the rise of modern state, and the separation of powers and grounds of political obligation and civil disobedience by Hobbes, Locke, Rousseau etc.

What are the characteristics of Western philosophy?

The modern western philosophy has not only critical about orthodox religion but also came with ideals of secularism, humanism, scientific temperament, progress and development. Skepticism, rationality, individualism and scientific methods are influenced the human conception in understanding the world.

How did Locke influence Western political thought?

John Locke changed and influenced the world in many ways. His political ideas like those in the Two Treatises of Government, (such as civil, natural, and property rights and the job of the government to protect these rights), were put into the United States Declaration of Independence and United States Constitution.

How does Rousseau influence us today?

Jean Jacques Rousseau had a major impact on modern governments through the advancement of the philosophy of social contract. Through his work he was able to transform mostly despotic government institutions into democratic institutions based on individual freedoms.

What was Montesquieu’s view on human nature?

Unlike Hobbes and Locke, Montesquieu believed that in the state of nature individuals were so fearful that they avoided violence and war. The need for food, Montesquieu said, caused the timid humans to associate with others and seek to live in a society.

What is the importance of naturalism in education?

While idealism has emphasised “self- realization’ as the main aim of education, naturalism lays stress on self-expression and self-preservation. Education should acquaint a person with laws of health, enable him to earn living and train him to preserve and maintain life.

What do you mean by educational philosophy?

An educational philosophy is a personal statement of a teacher’s guiding principles about “big picture” education-related issues, such as how student learning and potential are most effectively maximized, as well as the role of educators in the classroom, school, community, and society.