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What is the importance of latitude?

“Most of the maps we will use include latitude and longitude. These lines allow you to quickly and accurately locate places and features on the earth’s surface. Latitude and longitude also play an important role in determining times and dates.”

What is the significance of the five lines of latitude?

The five major lines of latitude, more commonly referred to as the five major circles of latitude, mark specific points on a globe or map of Earth. Four of the lines run parallel to the equator and sit north or south above or below the equator.

What is the significance of lines of longitude?

The lines of longitude run north and south. They are used to define the East-West position of a location on the planet. They run perpendicular to the Equator and latitude lines.

Who used longitude and latitude?

Hipparchus

How did ancient sailors navigate the globe?

The earliest navigation methods involved observing landmarks or watching the direction of the sun and stars. Few ancient sailors ventured out into the open sea. Compasses were being used for navigation by the 1100s, and are still the most familiar navigational tools in the world.

Which line is known as the prime meridian?

The prime meridian is the line drawn north to south at 0° (0 degrees) longitude. Credits: NASA. an imaginary line on Earth that passes north to south through the Greenwich Observatory in London, England. Sentences: The prime meridian divides Earth into the Eastern Hemisphere and the Western Hemisphere.

Which line is known as prime material?

The prime meridian is the line of 0° longitude, the starting point for measuring distance both east and west around the Earth. The prime meridian is arbitrary, meaning it could be chosen to be anywhere. 6 – 12+ Earth Science, Geography.

What countries lie on the Tropic of Capricorn?

The Tropic of Capricorn passes through a number of countries including Argentina, Australia, Botswana, Brazil, Chile, Madagascar, Mozambique, Namibia, and Paraguay. If you consider its starting place to be the Prime Meridian, it first makes landfall on the coast of Namibia.

What countries are at 0 degrees latitude?

List of countries by latitude

Latitude Locations
São Tomé and Príncipe; Gabon; Republic of the Congo; Democratic Republic of the Congo; Uganda; Lake Victoria; Kenya; Somalia; Malaysia; Singapore; Indonesia; Galápagos Islands and Quito, Ecuador; Colombia; Brazil

Which country has the highest latitude?

The top five countries with the maximum number of latitudes passing through them are:

  • United States – 17°N to 22°N*, 25°N to 49°N**, and 52°N to 71°N*** → 51 lines of latitude.
  • Canada – 42°N to 83°N → 42 lines of latitude.
  • Russia – 42°N to 81°N → 40 lines of latitude.
  • Brazi.

Which is the northernmost country in the world?

List of countries by northernmost point

Country Northernmost point
Norway Rossøya, Svalbard Cape Nordkinn, Finnmark County (mainland)
United States Point Barrow, Alaska Northwest Angle, Minnesota (contiguous 48 States)
Finland Nuorgam, Utsjoki, Lapland
Sweden Treriksröset, Kiruna, Norrbotten County, Lapland