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What is the correct statement about mutations?

Mutations can be either bad or good. When a mutation occurs in a population, something changes. This could occur throughout the entire population or in just a small group. Mutations increase variety and cause alleles to change.

Which statement is incorrect regarding gene mutation?

The incorrect statement is D) Genes cannot acquire mutations in their sequence. Explanation: There are many reasons for mutations in the genomic sequence.

Which of the following correctly describes what a mutation is?

Answer: B. A change in the nucleotide sequence. Mutation can be described as permanent change in the genetic material of living organisms (that is DNA, deoxyribonucleic acid). In other words, it depicts change in the sequence of nucleotide within gene (a segment of DNA that codes for particular protein).

How do we define a mutation?

A mutation is a change in a DNA sequence. Mutations can result from DNA copying mistakes made during cell division, exposure to ionizing radiation, exposure to chemicals called mutagens, or infection by viruses.

What are 3 causes of mutations?

Mutations are caused by environmental factors known as mutagens. Types of mutagens include radiation, chemicals, and infectious agents.

What are examples of mutations?

Types of Changes in DNA

Class of Mutation Type of Mutation Human Disease(s) Linked to This Mutation
Point mutation Substitution Sickle-cell anemia
Insertion One form of beta-thalassemia
Deletion Cystic fibrosis
Chromosomal mutation Inversion Opitz-Kaveggia syndrome

What are the main reasons of mutation?

Mutations arise spontaneously at low frequency owing to the chemical instability of purine and pyrimidine bases and to errors during DNA replication. Natural exposure of an organism to certain environmental factors, such as ultraviolet light and chemical carcinogens (e.g., aflatoxin B1), also can cause mutations.

What is a silent mutation?

A mutation where a change in a DNA codon does not result in a change in amino acid translation.

What disease is caused by silent mutation?

Likewise, silent mutations that cause such skipping of exon excision have been identified in genes thought to play roles in genetic disorders such as Laron dwarfism, Crouzon syndrome, β+-thalassemia, and phenylalanine hydroxylase deficiency (phenylketonuria (PKU)).

What is the difference between a missense mutation and a silent mutation?

A silent mutation is a mutation in which a single nucleotide base is changed, but that change does not effect the amino acid sequence. A missense mutation is a point mutation in which a single nucleotide is changed, resulting in a codon that codes for a different amino acid.

What is the difference between a silent mutation and a neutral mutation?

silent or synonymous mutation – does not change the amino acid sequence encoded by a particular gene. A neutral mutation is neither adaptive nor deleterious. (That rate would be the time it took for new mutations to arise and then spread randomly through populations via genetic drift.)

What is an example of a missense mutation?

Sickle cell anemia is caused by a missense. A single incorrect amino acid for a protein completely alters how that protein functions. This causes blood cells to be misshapen.

Which is an example of a neutral mutation?

These mutations are called neutral mutations. Examples include silent point mutations, which are neutral because they do not change the amino acids in the proteins they encode. Cells have multiple repair mechanisms to fix mutations in DNA.

How do you classify mutation types?

There are three types of DNA Mutations: base substitutions, deletions and insertions. Single base substitutions are called point mutations, recall the point mutation Glu —–> Val which causes sickle-cell disease. Point mutations are the most common type of mutation and there are two types.

How do you identify missense mutations?

The difference relies in the categorization of the mutation. If the mutation results in a change of one aminoacid, it is a missense mutation, no matter if it was result of a frameshift or point mutation.

How do you identify a silent mutation?

A silent mutation is a change in the sequence of nucleotide bases which constitutes DNA, without a subsequent change in the amino acid or the function of the overall protein. Sometimes a single amino acid will change, but if it has the same properties as the amino acid it replaced, little to no change will happen.

What are two ways a mutation could be silent?

A point mutation affects a single base pair. A point mutation may cause a silent mutation if the mRNA codon codes for the same amino acid, a missense mutation if the mRNA codon codes for a different amino acid, or a nonsense mutation if the mRNA codon becomes a stop codon.

What are the effects of a silent mutation?

“Silent” mutation: does not change an amino acid, but in some cases can still have a phenotypic effect, e.g., by speeding up or slowing down protein synthesis, or by affecting splicing.