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What is the central nervous system stimulant of choice to treat narcolepsy?

Medications for narcolepsy include: Stimulants. Drugs that stimulate the central nervous system are the primary treatment to help people with narcolepsy stay awake during the day. Doctors often try modafinil (Provigil) or armodafinil (Nuvigil) first for narcolepsy.

What is a physiological effect of a central nervous system stimulant?

Physiological effects include increased heart rate and output, metabolic rate, and urine production. High doses can cause anxiety, insomnia, and nervousness.

What can patients prescribed a CNS stimulant do at home to monitor for weight loss?

What can patients prescribed a CNS stimulant do at home to monitor for weight loss? Weigh twice a week and report weight loss.

What are the most commonly used CNS stimulants?

OVERVIEW. Central nervous system stimulants used for attention deficit disorder, narcolepsy or excessive sleepiness include methylphenidate, atomoxetine, modafinil, armodafinil and the amphetamines.

What are CNS stimulants used to treat?

Central nervous system stimulants are used to treat ADHD, narcolepsy, and aid in weight loss by increasing certain activity in the brain to speed up mental and physical processes.

Which of the following is a CNS depressant?

Examples of CNS depressants are benzodiazepines, barbiturates, and certain sleep medicines. CNS depressants are sometimes called sedatives or tranquilizers.

What drug relaxes the central nervous system?

Common benzos include Valium, Xanax, and Ativan. Benzodiazepines are highly effective in treating anxiety and insomnia due to the sleep-inducing, sedative, and muscle-relaxing properties.

How can I calm my nervous system fast?

Activating the Parasympathetic Nervous System to Decrease Anxiety

  1. Spend time in nature.
  2. Get a massage.
  3. Practice meditation.
  4. Deep abdominal breathing from the diaphragm.
  5. Repetitive prayer.
  6. Focus on a word that is soothing such as calm or peace.
  7. Play with animals or children.
  8. Practice yoga, chi kung, or tai chi.

Which classes of drugs are used to treat the central nervous system?

Central Nervous System (CNS) depressants are medicines that include sedatives, tranquilizers, and hypnotics. These drugs can slow brain activity, making them useful for treating anxiety, panic, acute stress reactions, and sleep disorders.

Do all drugs act directly on the central nervous system?

In addition, those drugs which are used socially, including caffeine and nicotine, all have their action within the central nervous system as do those weapons known as nerve gases.

What drugs act as neurological active?

Tranquilizers and analgesics are neurologically active drugs. These affect the message transfer mechanism from nerve to receptor. Tranquilizers are a class of chemical compounds used for the treatment of stress, and mild or even severe mental diseases.

What drugs affect nervous system?

Drugs of abuse affecting the CNS include cocaine, heroin, alcohol, amphetamines, toluene, and cannabis. Prescribed medications or medical therapies that can affect the CNS include immunosuppressants, antiepileptics, nitrous oxide, and total parenteral nutrition.

What are tranquilizers give an example?

The principal minor tranquilizers are the benzodiazepines, among which are diazepam (Valium), chlordiazepoxide (Librium), and alprazolam (Xanax). These drugs have a calming effect and eliminate both the physical and psychological effects of anxiety or fear. The drugs are thus intended for short- and medium-term use.

What is CNS?

The CNS is the processing centre of the body and consists of the brain and the spinal cord. Both of these are protected by three layers of membranes known as meninges.

What is the main function of CNS?

The central nervous system (CNS) controls most functions of the body and mind. It consists of two parts: the brain and the spinal cord. The brain is the center of our thoughts, the interpreter of our external environment, and the origin of control over body movement.

What are the two basic units of the CNS?

The basic unit of the nervous system is a nerve cell, or neuron. The human brain contains about 100 billion neurons. A neuron has a cell body, which includes the cell nucleus, and special extensions called axons (pronounced AK-sonz) and dendrites (pronounced DEN-drahytz).

What are CNS disorders?

Central nervous system diseases, also known as central nervous system disorders, are a group of neurological disorders that affect the structure or function of the brain or spinal cord, which collectively form the central nervous system (CNS).

Is depression a CNS disorder?

Central nervous system — or CNS — depression happens when the body’s normal neurological functions slow down. It can result from substance overdoses, poisoning, or other medical conditions. Depression of the central nervous system or CNS often occurs when a person misuses a substance that slows brain activity.

What is neurological damage symptoms?

Examples of symptoms include paralysis, muscle weakness, poor coordination, loss of sensation, seizures, confusion, pain and altered levels of consciousness. There are many recognized neurological disorders, some relatively common, but many rare.

How does Neurological disorders affect the body?

Structural, biochemical or electrical abnormalities in the brain, spinal cord or other nerves can result in a range of symptoms. Examples of symptoms include paralysis, muscle weakness, poor coordination, loss of sensation, seizures, confusion, pain and altered levels of consciousness.