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First, a representative sponsors a bill. The bill is then assigned to a committee for study. If released by the committee, the bill is put on a calendar to be voted on, debated or amended. If the bill passes by simple majority (218 of 435), the bill moves to the Senate.
It is sent to the president of the Senate. What happens to most bills that are referred to committees? They are pigeonholed and die.
Once a bill is introduced, it is assigned to a committee whose members will research, discuss, and make changes to the bill. The bill is then put before that chamber to be voted on. The president then considers the bill. The president can approve the bill and sign it into law or not approve (veto) a bill.
While there are no numerical limits for sponsors, U.S. citizens and legal residents can only sponsor limited classes of close relatives. Permanent legal residents can sponsor spouses and unmarried children, including adult unmarried children, those defined as over 21.
The Affidavit of Support confirms that the Sponsor earns enough income to support their relative in the US. The income requirement is usually between $20,000 – $30,000 per year. However if the Sponsor doesn’t earn enough, there are other ways to show that they can support their relative.
The easiest way to put a stop to a sponsorship is to cancel the immigration petition before it is even approved. An individual who has filed the original I-130 or I-140 petition can contact (United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) in writing to revoke the petition.
While you can’t petition for a friend’s immigrant visa or Green Card (only family members can do that), you can financially sponsor a friend’s immigration petition with Form I-864, Affidavit of Support.
If you are a U.S. citizen, and at least 21 years old, you can petition for your siblings (brothers or sisters) to live in the United States as green card holders (lawful permanent residents). (Note: Green card holders may not petition to bring siblings to live permanently in the United States.