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By 725 Charles Martel had established himself as ruler of the Franks, although he maintained the fiction of Merovingian sovereignty until 737, when following the death of Theuderic IV he let the throne remain vacant.
With the only remaining legitimate male of the dynasty a child, the nobility elected regional kings from outside the dynasty or, in the case of the eastern kingdom, an illegitimate Carolingian….Carolingian Empire.
|Preceded by||Succeeded by|
|Merovingian dynasty||West Francia Middle Francia East Francia|
One chronicler dates the end of Carolingian rule with the coronation of Robert II of France as junior co-ruler with his father, Hugh Capet, thus beginning the Capetian dynasty, descendants of which unified France. The Carolingian dynasty became extinct in the male line with the death of Eudes, Count of Vermandois.
When Louis died, as was custom, his kingdom was divided between his sons. This was the end of the Frankish Empire. The sons fought each other and fought other nobles for control, sending Europe back into the chaos that Charlemagne had brought Europe out of.
Pippin III, also spelled Pepin, byname Pippin the Short, French Pépin le Bref, German Pippin der Kurze, (born c. 714—died September 24, 768, Saint-Denis, Neustria [now in France]), the first king of the Frankish Carolingian dynasty and the father of Charlemagne.
Pepin III or Pepin the Short was the King of Franks from 751 till his death in 768. He was the first ruler from the Carolingian Dynasty of Frankish rulers. During his reign, Pepin was a great supporter of Papacy and fought several battles in support of Pope.
Son of Charles Martel (q.v.), Pepin was the first king of the Carolingian dynasty and father of Charlemagne (q.v.); he became sole de facto ruler of the Franks in 747 and King in 751, having intrigued with pope Zachary to depose Childeric III (q.v.); he was the first Frankish king to be anointed.
Pepin died in 768 and was succeeded by his sons Charlemagne and Carloman. Although unquestionably one of the most powerful and successful rulers of his time, Pepin’s reign is largely overshadowed by that of his more famous son, Charlemagne.
Basilica Cathedral of Saint Denis, Saint-Denis, France
Charles Martel was nicknamed ‘The Hammer’ because of his military strength. In fact, his last name, ‘Martel’, means ‘hammer.
In 718, Chilperic responded to Charles’ new ascendancy by making an alliance with Odo the Great (or Eudes, as he is sometimes known), the duke of Aquitaine, who had become independent during the civil war in 715, but was again defeated, at the Battle of Soissons, by Charles.
Charles Martel (August 23, 686 CE–October 22, 741 CE) was the leader of the Frankish army and, effectively, the ruler of the Frankish kingdom, or Francia (present-day Germany and France). He is known for winning the Battle of Tours in 732 CE and turning back the Muslim invasions of Europe.
Charles Martel, Latin Carolus Martellus, German Karl Martell, (born c. 688—died October 22, 741, Quierzy-sur-Oise [France]), mayor of the palace of Austrasia (the eastern part of the Frankish kingdom) from 715 to 741. His byname, Martel, means “the hammer.”
He won an important victory at the Battle of Tours. Charles also played an important role in spreading Christianity throughout Germany. He sponsored the work of Saint Boniface, a leading missionary who succeeded in converting Germany to Christianity. Charles never became king in spite of all his power.
The cause of the dark ages was the rejection of reason – barbarians destroying stored knowledge and the church outlawing reason as the means to knowledge, to be replaced by revelation, which they have the monopoly on.
September 24, 768 AD
The Donation of Pepin in 756 provided a legal basis for the creation of the Papal States, thus extending the temporal rule of the Popes beyond the duchy of Rome.
|Carolingian dynasty Carlovingians|
|Country||Carolingian Empire/Holy Roman Empire Francia Lombard Kingdom Duchy of Bavaria Duchy of Bohemia Aquitaine Frisia Duchy of Burgundy Duchy of Thuringia Alemania|
|Founded||613 Pippinid 715 Carolingian|
|Founder||Charles Martel (c. 688–741)|