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Chapter 8 Econ Terms
|Cooperative||A business organization owned and operated by a group of individuals for their mutual benefit.|
|Non-profit organization||Institution that functions much like a business but does not operate for the purpose of making a profit.|
There are three common types of businesses—sole proprietorship, partnership, and corporation—and each comes with its own set of advantages and disadvantages.
Sole Proprietorship Sole proprietorships are the most common type of online business due to their simplicity and how easy they are to create. If you’re starting an ecommerce business by yourself, a sole proprietorship is probably the best type of business for you.
Key takeaway: Having your LLC taxed as an S corporation can save you money on self-employment taxes. However, you will have to file an individual S-corp tax return, which means paying your CPA to file an additional form. An S-corp is also less structurally flexible than an LLC.
You generally belong to one of two groups when you operate your business as an S corporation and also pay yourself on a 1099. Some members of this first group intentionally use the 1099 method to avoid the hassle of payroll, unemployment taxes, and the possible cost of a payroll service.
To pay yourself a wage, the corporation will need to register a payroll account with CRA. Each time you are paid, the corporation will need to withhold source deductions (CPP and Income Tax) from your pay. These source deductions are then remitted to the Receiver General (CRA) on a regular basis.
S-Corp Tax Deductions Ordinary business expenses such as rent, taxes, advertising, company-provided employee benefits, depreciation and interest can be subtracted from profits and income to arrive at the net income for the business. If this net income is negative, it is passed through to shareholders as a deduction.
Corporations, S-Corps, and Partnerships may only claim actual expenses for vehicles. When the car is owned in the corporation’s name, it is not allowed to deduct mileage, just the actual expenses incurred for it’s use in business.
10) Cell Phone Expenses The S corporation can reimburse the employee for the full cost of the phone expenses (including the personal use) and deduct this amount on the corporate tax return. The reimbursement is tax free income to the employee.
The main benefit of incorporating as an S Corporation over being self-employed is the tax savings on self-employment taxes (Social Security and Medicare). For each dollar of profit, it could mean as much as 14.13% in tax savings. An S-Corp must pay a reasonable salary to any shareholder/employee.
To cover your federal taxes, saving 30% of your business income is a solid rule of thumb. According to John Hewitt, founder of Liberty Tax Service, the total amount you should set aside to cover both federal and state taxes should be 30-40% of what you earn.
Generally, independent contractors, also known as 1099 workers, are considered self-employed and a sole-proprietorship. It is advised by some, depending on your situation to incorporate as an independent contractor to a limited liability company (LLC) or an S-corporation.
A very common business structure for independent contractors is the limited liability company (LLC). The main benefit is that the LLC offers limited liability for all of the owners. The LLC must pay filing fees, and in some states, additional state taxes.
It Comes Down to Taxes The 1099 lists all the year’s income and the independent contractor pays taxes on it the same way any other sole proprietor does: using a Schedule C alongside self-employment taxes. An LLC can help more than one owner avoid the double taxation that sometimes comes with being a corporation.
When comparing an S corp vs 1099, the two do not have to be mutually exclusive. The IRS requires companies to use 1099s on all employees working as independent contractors, but S corps come with certain restrictions and benefits. S corps are allowed to reduce self-employed taxes that are paid.