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What are the main causes of ethnic conflict?

Ethnic conflict arises if ethnic groups compete for the same goal—notably power, access to resources, or territory. The interests of a society’s elite class play an important role in mobilizing ethnic groups to engage in ethnic conflicts. Ethnic conflict is thus similar to other political interest conflicts.

Why does ethnic diversity lead to violent conflicts?

Conflicts over state resources between ethnic groups can increase the likelihood of ethnic violence. In ethnically divided societies, demand for public goods decreases as each ethnic group derives more utility from benefits targeted at their ethnic group in particular.

What are examples of ethnic conflict?

This conflict can be violent and non-violent. Example: The Ethnic and Religious Crisis in Nigeria (2013), the Thirty Years’ War from 1618 to 1648 between Catholic and Protestant Christians, and the Crusade of the 11th and 25th centuries, ISIS is another example of ethno-religious conflicts.

What is an example of ethnic cleansing?

In its previous, first interim report it noted, “based on the many reports describing the policy and practices conducted in the former Yugoslavia, [that] ‘ethnic cleansing’ has been carried out by means of murder, torture, arbitrary arrest and detention, extra-judicial executions, rape and sexual assaults, confinement …

How is ethnic conflict resolved?

Techniques of ethnic conflict resolution, such as that of negotiation, can work effectively only when they are governed by this metaprinciple. In this regard, the effectiveness depends also on participation of the state in interethnic conflict resolution, particularly by means of policies of identity recognition.

What are the major causes of conflict in Africa?

Exclusion or perceived exclusion from the political process for reasons of personal, ethnic or value differences, lack of socio-political unity, lack of genuine access to national institutions of governance, reliance on centralized and highly personalized form of governance, perception of inequality and discrimination.

Is ethnic conflict and civil war the same?

Conceptualizing ethnic civil war: The phenomenon Table I reveals that the majority of civil wars since 1946 have broken down along ethnic lines. Even removing secessionist wars from the data (98% are defined as ethnic conflicts), 45% of the remaining conflicts for central government are considered ethnic civil wars.

What is ethnic conflict and civil war?

If a civil war begins, it is more likely to be initiated by an ethnic group than any other type of group. First, when political power is divided along ethnic lines, ruling elites can disproportionately favor their own ethnic group at the expense of others. This creates grievances that fall along ethnic lines.

What is ethnic prejudice?

Ethnic hatred, inter-ethnic hatred, racial hatred, or ethnic tension refers to feelings and acts of prejudice and hostility towards an ethnic group in various degrees.

What is tribal conflict?

Widespread presence of arms, illiteracy, weak power of the state, lack of religious faith and the abuse of power by tribal leaders are the main reasons of the tribal conflicts.

What is ethnic movement?

Organized by groups whose distinctiveness is based on national origin, culture, language, religion, territory, or phenotype, ethnic movements are enacted with the purpose of promoting or resisting social change.

What is religious and ethnic conflict?

Unlike other forms of social conflicts, ethno-religious conflict entails different ethnic groups that belong to different religions. Most ask for religious and ethnic rights within their state. Another cause of the conflicts has been the state’s use of religion and ethnicity in political discourse or action.

What are examples of ethnicity?

Commonalities such as racial, national, tribal, religious, linguistic, or cultural origin may be used to describe someone’s ethnicity. While someone may say their race is “Black,” their ethnicity might be Italian, or someone may say their race is “White,” and their ethnicity is Irish.

Is English an ethnicity?

Yes, English is an ethnicity, since England is a nation and a country, even though it’s not a state. Yes, “people of colour” can call themselves English, if they were born in England, or have some other strong tie.