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Phoenician’s North Semitic Alphabet
|Letter||Traditional Latin transliteration|
|Ι ι||I i|
|Κ κ||C c, K k|
|Λ λ||L l|
|Μ μ||M m|
Languages written in Latin, Cyrillic, (Modern) Greek, Indic and Southeast Asian scripts are left-to-right . Example languages include the modern languages of the Americas, Europe, India, and Southeast Asia. Ideographic languages (e.g. Japanese, Korean, Chinese) are more flexible in their writing direction.
Quick reference points: Languages which use the following scripts are written left to right: Latin, Modern Greek, Cyrillic, Indic and Southeast Asian. Therefore, most of the modern languages of Europe, North and South America, India and Southeast Asia are written left to right.
Boustrophedon /ˌbuːstrəˈfiːdən/ is a style of writing in which alternate lines of writing are reversed, with reversed letters. It was a common way of writing in stone in ancient Greece, becoming less and less popular throughout the Hellenistic period.
Arabic, Hebrew, Persian, and Urdu are the most widespread RTL writing systems in modern times.
In ancient time, Chinese was written from top to bottom, then right to left. So when there is only one row, the characters are arranged from right to left. The reason to write vertically is because before paper was invented, we wrote on bamboo sticks.
The common myths about dyslexia are that dyslexics read backwards and reverse words and letters. While these characteristics may be part of the problem with some individuals, they are NOT the most common or most important attributes. Dyslexia is not a disease!
During the years of learning to read and write, it is common for kids to mix-up new words and letters. Young minds routinely twist a “b” into a “d” or a “g” into a “q”—it’s a natural part of the learning process.
Reversing letters is common until around age 7. Writing letters backwards is not necessarily a sign that your child has dyslexia. There are things you can do at home to help your child stop reversing letters.
4 Tricks for Helping Students Correct b/d Letter Reversals
Therefore, DCD is commonly diagnosed after age 5 years, when the motor problems are becoming increasingly apparent (highlighted by the structured demands of the child’ environment) and can no longer be attributed to a developmental delay.
In childhood, the disorder generally emerges when children are first introduced to writing. Dysgraphia can occur after neurological trauma or it might be diagnosed in a person with physical impairments, Tourette Syndrome, ADHD, Learning Disabilities, or an Autism Spectrum Disorder such as Asperger’s Syndrome.
In summary, dysgraphia is a specific learning disability that can be diagnosed and treated. Children with dysgraphia usually have other problems such as difficulty with written expression.
Hyperlexia is when a child starts reading early and surprisingly beyond their expected ability. It’s often accompanied by an obsessive interest in letters and numbers, which develops as an infant. Hyperlexia is often, but not always, part of the autism spectrum disorder (ASD).
Occupational therapy is most often used in treating dysgraphia in children, but some OTs work with adults as well. Occupational therapy might include manipulating different materials to build hand and wrist strength, running letter formation drills, and practicing cursive writing, which can be easier than printing.
Dysgraphia is a neurological disorder characterized by writing disabilities. Specifically, the disorder causes a person’s writing to be distorted or incorrect.
Dyslexia and dysgraphia are both learning differences. Dyslexia primarily affects reading. Dysgraphia mainly affects writing. While they’re different issues, the two are easy to confuse.
What it is: Dyslexia is a common learning difference that affects reading. It makes it hard to isolate the sounds in words, match those sounds to letters, and blend sounds into words. Learning to spell may be even harder than learning to read for some people with dyslexia.