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In which phase the chromosome number is reduced to half of the mother cell?

Meiosis I separates replicated homologous chromosomes, each still made up of two sister chromatids, into two daughter cells, thus reducing the chromosome number by half. During meiosis II, sister chromatids decouple and the resultant daughter chromosomes are segregated into four daughter cells.

At what stage does the number of chromosomes becomes half?

Telophase II As soon as the cytoplasm divides, meiosis is complete. There are now four daughter cells — two from each of the two cells that entered meiosis II — and each daughter cell has half the normal number of chromosomes (Figure 7).

When the number of chromosomes is already reduced to half?

Meiosis II is known as equational or homotypic division.

What are the 5 stages of mitosis and what is occurring at each?

Today, mitosis is understood to involve five phases, based on the physical state of the chromosomes and spindle. These phases are prophase, prometaphase, metaphase, anaphase, and telophase.

What are the stages of mitosis and what happens in each stage?

These phases occur in strict sequential order, and cytokinesis – the process of dividing the cell contents to make two new cells – starts in anaphase or telophase. Stages of mitosis: prophase, metaphase, anaphase, telophase. Cytokinesis typically overlaps with anaphase and/or telophase.

What are the 4 phases of mitosis explain what happens in each?

1) Prophase: chromatin into chromosomes, the nuclear envelope break down, chromosomes attach to spindle fibres by their centromeres 2) Metaphase: chromosomes line up along the metaphase plate (centre of the cell) 3) Anaphase: sister chromatids are pulled to opposite poles of the cell 4) Telophase: nuclear envelope …

What happens in the five stages of mitosis?

Mitosis produces two daughter cells with identical genetic material. Mitosis has five different stages: interphase, prophase, metaphase, anaphase and telophase. The process of cell division is only complete after cytokinesis, which takes place during anaphase and telophase.

What is the longest phase of mitosis and why?

The longest phase of mitosis is prophase. During prophase, which occurs after G2​ interphase, the cell prepares to divide by tightly condensing its chromosomes and initiates mitotic spindle formation. The chromatin fibers condenses into discrete chromosomes. The nucleolus also disappears during early prophase.

What has the effect of changing ploidy?

What effect do meiosis and fertilization have on the ploidy level of cells produced by each process? Meiosis decreases the ploidy level from 2n to n; fertilization increases the ploidy level from n to 2n.

Why is it important that ploidy is halved when producing gametes?

As gametes are produced, the number of chromosomes must be reduced by half. Why? The zygote must contain genetic information from the mother and from the father, so the gametes must contain half of the chromosomes found in normal body cells.

What is the ploidy of a human sperm?

All normal diploid individuals have some small fraction of cells that display polyploidy. Human diploid cells have 46 chromosomes (the somatic number, 2n) and human haploid gametes (egg and sperm) have 23 chromosomes (n).