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How do you manipulate an independent variable?

Again, to manipulate an independent variable means to change its level systematically so that different groups of participants are exposed to different levels of that variable, or the same group of participants is exposed to different levels at different times.

How can you minimize the effects of extraneous variables?

One way to control extraneous variables is with random sampling. Random sampling does not eliminate any extraneous variable, it only ensures it is equal between all groups. If random sampling isn’t used, the effect that an extraneous variable can have on the study results become a lot more of a concern.

Which of the following is a way of controlling extraneous variables?

Randomization is the preferred method for controlling extraneous variables.

Do extraneous variables affect validity?

Extraneous variables can threaten the internal validity of your study by providing alternative explanations for your results. In an experiment, you manipulate an independent variable to study its effects on a dependent variable.

Is age an extraneous variable?

Extraneous variables are often classified into three main types: Subject variables, which are the characteristics of the individuals being studied that might affect their actions. These variables include age, gender, health status, mood, background, etc.

What is an example of extraneous variable?

Situational Variables: These extraneous variables are related to things in the environment that may impact how each participant responds. For example, if a participant is taking a test in a chilly room, the temperature would be considered an extraneous variable.

What is extraneous variable and how can it be controlled?

An extraneous variable is eliminated, for example, if background noise that might reduce the audibility of speech is removed. Unknown extraneous variables can be controlled by randomization. Randomization ensures that the expected values of the extraneous variables are identical under different conditions.

How will you apply independent and dependent variable in your life?

An easy way to think of independent and dependent variables is, when you’re conducting an experiment, the independent variable is what you change, and the dependent variable is what changes because of that. You can also think of the independent variable as the cause and the dependent variable as the effect.